My Lord! Increase me in knowledge

Archive for December 2010

We all know about the importance of spiritual cleanliness. But here I want to stress on physical cleanliness and outward appearance. Unfortunately, this is neglected despite of the emphasis laid on it in the Quran and Hadith. Looking clean and nice is a way of the Prophet. It will make you look good, feel good, be confident. People will like your company and will respect you. Muslims in general pay very less attention on presentation and behavior which make us look barbaric, uncivilized and eventually blemishes the image of Muslims in the society. How can we think of presenting islam when we can’t present ourselves?

Below are a few references on this topic from the Quran & sayings of the Prophet

“O children of Adam! wear your beautiful apparel at every  place of prayer: eat and drink: but waste not by excess for God loves not the wasters. Say: Who has forbidden the beautiful (gifts) of God, which He hath produced for his servants, and the things clean and pure (which He has provided) for sustenance? Say: They are in the life of this world, for those who believe, (and) purely for them on the Day of Judgment. Thus do We explain the signs in detail for those who understand.” (Quran, Chapter 7, Verse 31-32)

“Surely God loves those who are most repenting, and loves those who keep themselves pure and clean.” (Chapter 2, Verse 222)


Yahya related to me from Malik from Zayd ibn Aslam that Ata ibn Yasar told him that the Messenger of God (may God bless him and grant him peace) was in the mosque when a man came in with disarranged hair and beard. The Messenger of God motioned with his hand that he should be sent out to groom his hair and beard. The man did so and then returned. The Messenger of God said, “Isn’t this better than that one of you should come with his head disarranged, as if he were a devil?” (Malik Muwatta, Book 51, Number 51.2.7)

‘Abdullah ibn Mas’ud reported that the Prophet (God bless him and grant him peace) said, “No one who has an atom’s weight of pride in his heart will enter the Garden.” A man said, “And if the man likes his clothes to be good and his sandals to be good?” He said, “God is Beautiful and loves beauty. Pride means to renounce the truth and to look down on people.” [Muslim]

On Brushing Teeth & Bad Breath

Abu Hurairah reported: The Messenger of Allah (God bless him and grant him peace) said, “Had I not thought it difficult for my nation, I would have commanded them to use the Miswak (tooth-stick) before every Salat.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Hudaifah reported: Whenever the Messenger of Allah (God bless him and grant him peace) got up (from sleep), he would rub his teeth with Miswak (tooth-stick). [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

The prophet even forbade people to come to mosque if a person smelled like garlic or onion until its odor went away.

Hadith Narrated AbuSa’id al-Khudri:

The garlic and onions were mentioned before the Apostle of God (peace be upon him). He was told: The most severe of them is garlic. Would you make it unlawful? The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “Eat it, and he who eats it should not come near this mosque until its odor goes away.”
(Abu Dawood, Book 27, Number 3814)

If we analyze ourselves different times a day, we will find ourselves not pleasant looking or smelling. If we make brushing teeth often, putting a scent, ensuring our clothes are clean a habit, we can stand out and become an ideal as an individual and as a nation.

Why spend our lives smelling bad and looking dull when God has created beautiful things for us and blessed us with things that make us look clean and nice? Looking clean and presentable is a very easy way to earn the pleasure of God, follow prophet’s way, please the people around us and make our own selves happy too. It’s a win – win situation. Isn’t it?

Recently while praying, I realized that I forgot the meanings of many things we say in prayer. And I am sure many of us have the same problem, specially whose mother tongue is not Arabic. Prayer is basically a communication between us and God and how can we talk to God, the Most High, without even knowing what we say. How can we mean something without knowing the meaning of it?  Would you ever say something to your loved ones words whose meaning you yourself don’t know?

Moreover, I thought what if a non-muslim person approached me and asked what we recite in prayer. I would be able to tell him what we recite in Arabic but I might not be able to explain the meaning of everything. How stupid will such a person consider me then? I realized how we are always busy in rituals, actions, rules of how to worship while the original spirit of worship is lost.

Therefore, I found the meanings of the duas we recite to teach and remind myself. Try to learn these meanings and recall them in prayer and If God wills, not only will the quality of your prayer improve, but you will experience a growth in your faith everytime you pray.

Starting the Prayer by saying Takbir Tahrimah

Transliteration: Alla-hu Akbar

Translation: God is the greatest


Dua Al-Istiftah (Supplication of Starting) Recited only in the first Rakath

Transliteration: Subhana Kal-lah hum-ma wabi hamdika wata-bara kasmuka wata’ala jad-duka wala ilaha ghyruka.

Translation: Glory be to you, O God, and all praises are due unto you, and blessed is your name and high is your majesty and none is worthy of worship but you.


Next recitation is called Ta’awwuz (Also recited only in the first Rakath)

Transliteration: A’uzu bil-lahi minash Shayta-nir-rajeem

Translation: I seek God’s protection from Satan who is accursed.


After this, recite the Tasmiah (Should be recited in every Rakath before starting a Surah)

Transliteration: Bismillah hir-Rahma nir-Raheem

Translation: In the name of God, the most Kind and the most Merciful.


Surah Fatiha (Recited in every Rakath, very important to memorize)


Alhamdul lil-lahi rab-bil ‘alameen
Ar rahma nir-raheem
Maliki yawmid-deen
Iyyaka na’budu wa iyyaka nasta’een
Ihdinas siratal mustaqeem
Siratal Lazeena an’amta ‘alayhim
Ghai-ril maghdubi ‘alayhim
Walad dal-leen. Ameen


Praise is only for God, Lord of the Universe.
The most Kind, the most Merciful.
The master of the Day of Judgement.
You alone we worship and to you alone we pray for help.
Show us the straight way,
The way of those whom you have blessed.
Who have not deserved your anger,
Nor gone astray.


Supplication in Ruku (Bowing)

Recite Alla-hu Akbar before going to Ruku. While in Ruku, recite the following supplication 3, 5, 7, 9, 11 or more times. Make it an odd number.

Transliteration: Sub-hana Rabbi-al ‘ajeem.

Translation: Glory to my Lord the Exalted.


Qawmah (Standing After Ruku)

Transliteration: Sami ‘allah hu liman hamida. Rab-bana lakal hamd.

Translation: Verily God listens to one who praises Him. Oh our Lord, all praises be to you.


First Sajdah (Prostration)

Before going to the Sajdah, recite Alla-hu Akbar. While in Sajdah, recite the following supplication 3, 5, 7, 9, 11 or more times. Make it an odd number.

Transliteration: Sub-hana Rabbi yal a’la

Translation: Oh God, glory be to you, the most High.


Jalsah (Sitting between two Sajdah)

To rise and sit from the first Sajdah, recite Alla-hu Akbar. Sit for a short while and recite the following:

Transliteration: Allah hum maghfirlee war-ham nee

Translation: Oh God, forgive me, and have mercy on me


Tashahud (When you sit in 2nd & 4th Rakah)


At-tahiy-yatu lil-lahi was sala-watu wat-tay yibatu
As-salamu ‘alayka ay-yuhan-nabiy-yu
wa rahma tullahi wa bara-katuhu
As-salamu ‘alayna wa’ala ‘ibadil-la his-sali-heen
Ash hadu al-la ilaha il-lal lahu
wa ash hadu an-na Muhammadan
‘ab-duhu wa rasuluh.


All compliments, all physical prayer,
and all good deeds are for God.
Peace be upon you, Oh Prophet,
and God’s mercy and blessings.
Peace be on us and on all righteous slaves of  God.
I bear witness that no one is worthy of worship except God
And I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger.


Salat Alan-Nabi (Darud) – Salutation to the Prophet


Allah humma sal-li ‘ala Muhammadin
wa ‘ala ali Muhammadin,
Kama sal-layta ‘ala Ibraheema
Wa’ala ali Ibraheema
innaka Hameedum Majeed

Allah humma barik ‘ala Muhammadin
wa ‘ala ali Muhammadin,
Kama barakta ‘ala Ibraheema
Wa ‘ala ali Ibraheema
innaka Hameedum Majeed.


Oh God, send grace and honour on Muhammad and
On the family and true followers of Muhammad
just as you sent Grace and Honour on Ibrahim
and on the family and true followers of Ibrahim
Surely, you are praiseworthy, the Great.

Oh God, send your blessing on Muhammad and
the true followers of Muhammad, just
as you sent blessings on Ibrahim
and his true followers
Surely, you are praiseworthy, the Great.


After Salat Alan-Nabi, recite the following:


Rab bij’alnee muqeemas salati wa min
zur-riy yatee rab-bana wata qab-bal du’a,
rab-ba nagh-firlee wali waliday-ya
wa lil mu-mineena yawma yaqumul hisab.


Oh Lord, make me and my children keep up prayers,
Our Lord, accept our prayer,
Our Lord, forgive me and my parents
and all the Believers on the Day of Judgement.


Finishing the prayer by saying Salam.


As-salamu ‘alaykum wa rah-matul lah


Peace be on you and the mercy of God.


Dua Qunut (to be recited in Witr Prayer)


Allah hum mahdinee feeman hadayta,
Wa ‘afinee feeman ‘afayta,
wata wal-lane feeman twal-layta
wa barik lee feema a’taita,
waqinee shar-ra ma qadayta,
fa-innaka taqdee wala yuqda ‘alayk,
innahu laa Yazil-lu man walayt,
wala ya’iz-zu man ‘adaita,
tabarakta rabbana wata ‘alaita,
nastaghfiruka wanatubu ilayka,
Wa sal-lal lahu alan-nabee.


Oh God, make me among those whom You have guided,
and make me among those whom You have saved, and make
me among those whom You have chosen, and bless whatever
you have given me, and protect me from the evil which you have decreed; verily, You decide the things and nobody can decide against You; and none whom You have committed to Your care shall be humiliated and none whom You have taken as an enemy shall taste glory. You are blessed, our Lord, and Exalted, we ask for Your forgiveness and turn to You. Peace and mercy of God be upon the Prophet.



God bless everyone. Keep sharing your comments 🙂

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